SMALL SCALE IRRIGATION
How to make a rope and washer pump
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A manual with line diagrams and simple text which gives guidance on the assembly, operation and maintenance of the rope and washer pump.
Lambert, R, 1990. How to make a rope-and-washer pump. (Manual plus supporting video). ITDG Publishing, London. ISBN 1 85339 022 4. 27pp.

Smallholder irrigation: ways forward
Volume 1: Guidelines
Volume 2: Summary of case studies

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Full document - Volume 1
Full document - Volume 2
The guidelines are intended to assist designers in Africa who are responsible for identifying, detailing and implementing small, surface irrigation developments based on rivers and springs. Volume 1 is a structured guide for identifying and dealing with technical and non-technical issues which can affect the viability and sustainability of small scale irrigation developments. Volume 2 summarizes the results of the field studies of 13 schemes located in Kenya, Zimbabwe and Egypt, from which the guidelines were developed.
Chancellor, FM and Hide, JM, 1997. Smallholder Irrigation: Ways Forward. Volumes 1 and 2. HR Wallingford, UK. Report no. OD136. Vol. 1, 86pp Vol. 2, 99pp.
Checklist to Asssist Preparation of Small-Scale Irrigation Projects
in Sub-Saharan Africa
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Full document
The checklist supports rapid assessment of potential farmer and community managed surface irrigation projects. The focus is on low-input schemes, using stream flow or shallow groundwater sources and with irrigated areas of less than 100 hectares. However, elements of the checklist are applicable to other situations. Funded by the KaR programme, the output was subsequently published by ICID and is available for free download on the internet: See Web Links.
Field, WP and Collier, FW, 1998. Checklist to Assist Preparation of Small-Scale Irrigation Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa. ICID, New Dheli.
Modern irrigation technologies for smallholders in developing countries
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The book identifies pre-conditions relating to water availability, institutional support and economic opportunity that must be satisfied before smallholders in developing countries can adopt modern irrigation methods and benefit from them. It also contains a practical review of irrigation equipment and indicates types of equipment more likely to meet the needs of the smallholder sector.
Cornish, G. 1998. Modern Irrigation Technologies for Smallholders in Developing Countries. ITDG Publishing, London. ISBN 1 85339 457 2. 90pp.
Productive waterpoints in dryland areas:
Guidelines on integrated planning for rural water supply
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Increasing the availability of water to communities does much more than satisfy basic human needs. It makes it possible to embark on many activities with economic value, such as small-scale irrigation, fruit orchards, growing livestock feed, dairy units, fish farming and brick-making, all of which are vital in alleviating poverty. This book demonstrates the potential of groundwater resource to support production, both through more effective use of existing water points and through siting and design for new wells and boreholes. The findings are presented in a practical manner to encourage planners and practitioners to integrate the approach into existing rural water supply programmes in drought-prone areas.
Lovell, C, 2000. Productive water points in dryland areas: Guidelines on integrated planning for rural water supply. ITDG Publishing. ISBN 1 85339 516 1. 229pp.
Water pumping devices
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At the heart of effective irrigation lies the problem of lifting or pumping water, and this handbook, newly revised and reformatted, surveys the water-lifting technologies that are available and appropriate for smallholdings. It is a detailed and practical review of the options, especially for irrigation but also for other purposes, and the costs and general suitability of the different technologies with the aim of enabling farmers and policy makers to make informed choices.
Fraenkel, P, 1997. Water pumping devices: A handbook for users and choosers. ITDG publishing, London. ISBN 1 85339 346 0. 254pp.
Control of schistosomiasis:
A practical guide for irrigation development
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Full document
This handbook is relevant to extension workers, irrigation managers and system designers concerned with the control of this debilitating and widespread disease. The available control measures which can be targeted at each part of the schistosome cycle are explained and well illustrated.
Thomson, AJ; Chimbari, M; Chandiwana, SK; Ndlela, B and Chitsiko, RJ, 1996. Control of Scistosomiasis: A Practical Guide for Irrigation Development. HR Wallingford, UK. Report no. OD/TN 78. 37pp.
Schistosomiasis host snail control in night storage reservoirs
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Full document
Describes the introduction of competitor snails, and the introduction of two species of fish, one to reduce aquatic vegetation and the other to predate snails, as biological control methods to control the host snails of schistosomiasis in night storage reservoirs. Evaluation was conducted under laboratory and controlled field conditions. The methods still require large scale field evaluation.
HR Wallingford, 1997. Schistosomiasis host snail control in irrigation night storage reservoirs. HR Wallingford, UK. Report no. OD/TN 83. 19pp.
DROP
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Full document
The DROP package is aimed at designers who need to select and detail energy dissipating structures for drops up to 5 meters. It deals with basic hydraulic design including principal hydraulic parameters and as specific energy momentum, critical depth, froude number and the characteristics of hydraulic jumps. Standard designs for world practice are presented.
Skutsch, J, 1997. Minor irrigation design, DROP - design manual. (Supporting software is optional) HR Wallingford, UK. Report no. OD/TN 86. 23pp.